Category Archives: Writer’s Handbook

How to Create a Reverse Outline

How to Create a Reverse Outline by Janice Campbell If you are working with a story, speech, essay, or fable, it can be helpful to create a reverse outline. This can help you see the structure of the piece and … Continue reading

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How to Annotate for Active Reading

If you read actively and annotate your books, you will understand and enjoy the text more deeply than if you simply skim. Here are suggestions for effective annotation. Continue reading

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Creating Outlines by Kathleen Lietzau

Creating Outlines by Kathleen Lietzau What is an Outline? Macro Outlines Micro Outlines Crafting an Outline Moving from the Outline to the Paper What is an Outline? An outline is a way of formally arranging and developing your ideas. Though … Continue reading

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Plot Diagram: Freytag’s Pyramid

German novelist Gustav Freytag created a diagram to show the form of a basic plot. Exposition: The part of the narrative structure in which the scene is set, characters introduced, and the situation established. It usually falls at the beginning … Continue reading

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Journalism Story Structure by Mark Grabowski

Journalism Story Structure by Mark Grabowski Organizing the way you write journalism articles is as important as organizing the way you tell any story. Readers won’t tolerate a confusing story. They want a story that reads clearly and naturally. Keep … Continue reading

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How to Use a Writer’s Handbook for Instructive Evaluation

A good writer’s handbook makes it easy to offer specific, constructive feedback. If you have used a handbook such as Writers INC or the Excellence in Literature Handbook for Writers, you know that information is categorized into numbered paragraphs. These … Continue reading

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Citation and Style Guides

Citation and Style Guides Here is a list of the most commonly used citation and style guides and resources. For Excellence in Literature, you will be using MLA citations, but I suggest becoming familiar with other guides so that you’ll … Continue reading

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Glossary

Glossary Allegory: A story in which ideas are represented or personified as actions, people, or things. Example: Pilgrim’s Progress by John Bunyan. Alliteration: The repetition of beginning consonant sounds through a sequence of words. Gerard Manley Hopkins is noted for … Continue reading

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