Citation and Style Guides

Citation and Style Guides

Here is a list of the most commonly used citation and style guides and resources. For Excellence in Literature, you will be using MLA citations, but I suggest becoming familiar with other guides so that you’ll be prepared to use them when required for other subjects.

MLA

Chicago

APA

CSE

Turabian

More style manuals

Note: As always, we recommend that you consult the published style manuals for clarification and additional assistance. These can be checked out from most major libraries.

There are a few major works that have their own citation methods. These include:

  • Bible citations by book, chapter and verse (e.g. John 3:16)
  • Shakespeare notation by play, act, scene, and line numbers (e.g. The Tempest, Act 3, Scene 2, 4–8)
  • Stephanus pagination for Plato and Plutarch (e.g. (17a-42a) Apologia Socratis)
  • Bekker numbers for Aristotle’s works (e.g. (1447a) Poetics)

NOTE: Portions of this list of citation and style guides originally appeared on the website of the Duke University Library, licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 3.0 United States License.

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