Category Archives: Writer’s Handbook

Here is an online writer’s handbook with articles and links to helpful resources. If you are looking for the Excellence in Literature Handbook for Writers, please see Writers-Handbook.com.

Figures of Speech: Schemes and Tropes

Schemes and Tropes Schemes and tropes are figures of speech, having to do with using language in an unusual or “figured” way: Trope: An artful deviation from the ordinary or principal signification of a word. A trope uses a word in … Continue reading

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Types of Humor

Literary devices that create humor As you read, you will encounter many types of humor, and you will find some types funnier than others. If you want to learn to use humor in writing, it helps to identify some of the literary devices … Continue reading

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Research Paper Tips

7 Tips for Taking Your Research Paper from Snoozeworthy to Spectacular by Janice Campbell If you have mastered the basics of writing a research paper, it’s time to take your paper to the next level. Here are seven tips to … Continue reading

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How to Create a Reverse Outline

Reverse Outline: A useful tool As you work with a text —essay, story, speech, article, or fable, it can be helpful to create a reverse outline. This can help you see the structure of the piece and the flow of ideas, … Continue reading

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How to Annotate for Active Reading

If you read actively and annotate your books, you will understand and enjoy the text more deeply than if you simply skim. Here are suggestions for effective annotation. Continue reading

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Creating Outlines by Kathleen Lietzau

Creating Outlines by Kathleen Lietzau What is an Outline? Macro Outlines Micro Outlines Crafting an Outline Moving from the Outline to the Paper What is an Outline? An outline is a way of formally arranging and developing your ideas. Though … Continue reading

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Plot Diagram: Freytag’s Pyramid

German novelist Gustav Freytag created a diagram to show the form of a basic plot. Exposition: The part of the narrative structure in which the scene is set, characters introduced, and the situation established. It usually falls at the beginning … Continue reading

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Journalism Story Structure by Mark Grabowski

Journalism Story Structure by Mark Grabowski Organizing the way you write journalism articles is as important as organizing the way you tell any story. Readers won’t tolerate a confusing story. They want a story that reads clearly and naturally. Keep … Continue reading

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Sample Compare-Contrast Essay Outline

Sample compare-contrast essay outline Here is a sample outline for an essay comparing and contrasting Achilles’ and Odysseus’ attitudes toward war. This example is excerpted from the Excellence in Literature Handbook for Writers, which contains much more information on this topic … Continue reading

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How to Write a Compare-Contrast Essay

What is a compare-contrast essay? Have you encountered an essay prompt that directs you to compare or contrast two elements (e.g., two characters in a story, two different political theories, two different religious doctrines or scientific explanations, two different historical … Continue reading

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