Citation and Style Guides
Here is a list of the most commonly used citation and style guides and resources. For Excellence in Literature, you will be using MLA citations, but I suggest becoming familiar with other guides so that you’ll be prepared to use them when required for other subjects.
- Online Writing Lab (OWL) from Purdue University (in-text and bibliography/works cited)
- Research and Documentation Online from Bedford/St. Martin’s (in-text and bibliography/works cited)
- MLA Citation Guide from Simon Fraser University Library
- Modern Language Association (contains FAQs)
- How to cite books accessed online, courtesy of College of San Mateo Library
- Chicago Manual of Style – Your local library may provide online access.
- Research and Documentation Online from Bedford/St. Martin’s (in-text, notes and bibliography)
- Online Writing Lab (OWL) from Purdue University (in-text and bibliography/references)
- Research and Documentation Online from Bedford/St. Martin’s (in-text and bibliography/references)
- American Psychological Association Style Guide (contains basic tutorial, tutorial about changes in the 6th edition, and FAQs)
- Turabian Citation Guide from The University of Chicago Press (in-text and bibliography)
Note: As always, we recommend that you consult the published style manuals for clarification and additional assistance. These can be checked out from most major libraries.
- APA: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association
- Chicago: Chicago Manual of Style (also online)
- CSE: Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers
- MLA: MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers
- Turabian: Turabian: A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (also for Kindle)
There are a few major works that have their own citation methods. These include:
- Bible citations by book, chapter and verse (e.g. John 3:16)
- Shakespeare notation by play, act, scene, and line numbers (e.g. The Tempest, Act 3, Scene 2, 4–8)
- Stephanus pagination for Plato and Plutarch (e.g. (17a-42a) Apologia Socratis)
- Bekker numbers for Aristotle’s works (e.g. (1447a) Poetics)
NOTE: Portions of this list of citation and style guides originally appeared on the website of the Duke University Library, licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 3.0 United States License.